Lloyds Start the Manor -
a Capsule of Lloyd Neck's First Lord
In 1711, young Henry Lloyd and his bride, Rebecca, arrived on
a 3,000- acre parcel of land owned by Henry's family. The land,
which was located on Lloyd Neck, (then called Horse's Neck) had
been left fallow by Henry's father, James Lloyd I. It was here
that Henry decided to make his fortune.
Since the Lloyds were Episcopalian gentry and owned a flourishing
trading business in Boston, Henry already possessed the wherewithal
to establish a manor upon his arrival on Lloyd Neck. He arrived
with six slaves and such valuable trade goods as Bibles and needles,
and was soon able to obtain the necessary labor to build his four
room Manor home in the most modern mode of the day, the post-medieval
architectural style. To this day, the Henry Lloyd Manor House
is one of the few surviving examples of this style of architecture.
Henry and Rebecca immediately began their own family, which eventually
consisted of ten children who survived to adulthood. They also
increased the number of slaves who worked on the property, and
among these was Jupiter Hammon, the first published African-American
poet in the colonies. Also, the Lloyds began clearing patches
of land for their extensive flocks of sheep, orchards, outbuildings
(barns, blacksmith's shop, school, cemetery, etc.), and farms.
In addition, Henry rented land to tenant farmers from whom he
collected annual quitrents. After a short time, the Manor became
Lloyd Harbor was a part of Henry's manor. Fishing and duck hunting
in Lloyd Harbor earned fees for Henry. So did hunting on the land,
horse grazing, and trapping. The magnificent stands of oaks and
chestnuts provided superb masts for the sailing ships of the British
navy or colonial trading ships. Henry's ability to import apple
trees enabled him to turn his prolific crops into apple cider
and to earn him a considerable sum from his extensive apple cider
trading business in the other English colonies and in the Caribbean.
The Manor also contained fecund salt and fresh water ponds and
enough grazing land to support the large variety of animals needed
to supply meat, hides, wool, candles, powder horns, bristles for
brushes and plaster, etc., for the Manor and for trade. Together,
the natural resources of Lloyd Neck, coupled with the ability
to import/export goods, enabled the Manor to flourish under Henry's
When Rebecca died, Henry married a widow with children of her
own. When Henry died in 1763, he left the Manor to his four surviving
sons, Henry II, Joseph, John and James. The sons received unequal
portions of the Manor from their father. Henry had paid for James'
medical education in England, and James became the first obstetrician/pediatrician
in the colonies. Noting the cost of James' education, Henry justified
his decision regarding the unequal property subdivision. Nathaniel,
the son who had pre-deceased Henry, had left only a daughter as
a survivor. Since women could not inherit land without it becoming
the property of their husbands, Henry left his daughters and granddaughter
a sum of money. Henry also left a sum of money to Jupiter Hammon.